So how is Penile Cancer treated ?
Depending on the stage in which the Cancer has progressed will greatly determine what treatment is given.
Each man with penile cancer will have a treatment plan designed for him by his health care team. The team will recommend treatment options based on specific characteristics of the cancer and the unique needs of the man. A treatment plan for penile cancer may include one or more of the following:
à A circumcision may be an option when only the foreskin needs to be removed.
à Mohs micrographic surgery may be an option to treat small, early stage penile cancer.
à A wide local excision may be done to remove the tumour and some of the normal tissue around it.
à Curettage and electrodessication is one surgical option that may be used for small superficial cancers of the penis.
à A penectomy is done to remove part of the penis (partial penectomy) or all of the penis (total penectomy).
à Lymph nodes in the groin may also be removed with surgery (lymph node dissection).
à External beam radiation therapy or brachytherapy can be used as alternates to surgery for treating early stage (T0, T1 and T2) penile cancer.
à External beam radiation therapy can also be used to relieve symptoms of advanced cancer.
à Topical chemotherapy is sometimes used to treat precancerous conditions or small superficial penile tumors.
à Sometimes systematic chemotherapy is used to treat advanced penile cancer.
à Laser surgery may be an option for treating precancerous conditions or small, very early stage penile cancer.
à Cryosurgery may be an option for treating precancerous conditions or small, very early stage penile cancer.
à A biological therapy cream is sometimes used to reat precancerous conditions or small, very early stage penile cancer.